Sunday, February 18, 2018


Reverend Marsh
Father Kros 

You’ll Do Anything to Get into Heaven!
By Roni Bell 
The recent Parkland School shooting has brought out commentators who claim “we now have people who don’t know right from wrong." 
Those comments, "don't know right from wrong," echoed Father Kros 32 years ago. 

The truly preventable and tragic loss of human lives, at the hands of a boy who truly didn't know "right from wrong," began rumbling around teachings of two long time friends: Father Kros and Reverend Marsh. 
About 51 years ago I was hospitalized in Clarkson Hospital Omaha, shortly after I’d worked there.
Had gotten to know Clarkson’s resident Episcopalian Bishop, and already held as close friends Reverend Donald Marsh (of my Grace United Methodist Church in Papillion), and Father Donald Kros (Chaplain at then-Rummel High School in Omaha).
A friend came to visit when all three were in my room. Following the introductions, my friend stated loudly to all, “Boy Roni! You’ll do anything to get into heaven!”
From the time I was 13 until Reverend Marsh's death 2013, he and his wife Helen were close friends of mine.

We did FUN things together like “entertaining at Senior Citizen homes.” Don would play the piano (put his way through seminary playing in night clubs), Helen plunked on a Ukulele, and I’d sing.
In 1964, Reverend Marsh married me to my first husband; and in 1968 to my second husband.
When it came to Chuck, I told Don, “Nope! Can’t let you do this again. Didn’t work the first two times…and I want THIS one to last!” Each time we re-told that story, we’d all burst into laughter!
Reverend Marsh was all about "Agape." 
While I worked at Mr. Kelly’s, Father Kros would come visit his buddy Kelly McMahon. Overtime, and as I served him a pre-dinner martini, wine with dinner and Green Chartreuse afterwards, we became friends.
I called him “Donnie,” he called me “you little brat.”
His sister Susan left the order and shortly after became Gene’s (my X-husband) assistant. Donnie kidded Susan, “you’re my sister who used to be a sister, but is still my sister.”
Susan was a beautiful “lady” I respected dearly. Regrettably, I’ve lost track of Susan and her grand husband Harry Grace.
Reverend Marsh and Father Kros both teased me, “You’re far more conservative than I.” Then we’d launch into deep discussions and I’d take both to the mat countering with, “See! We agree on every point. Therefore, I’m as ‘liberal as you!”
Donnie came to visit Susan in about 1986. I will never ever forget his sadly telling me, “I’m seeing a future of people who will not know the difference between right and wrong.”
He explained how, as one time chaplain of Rummel High and his subsequent years at parishes in northern Nebraska, he’d seen families break up, single parent homes, an eroding of boundaries, government intrusion, disappearance of God, advent of video games, babies raising themselves, vanishing work ethic and just all around “confusion and lack of direction.”
Shortly before Donnie died, I called and asked him, “How did you know?”
His simple answer? “Little brats who’d do anything to get into heaven were disappearing.”
Father Kros was all about "Agape." 

If you look up  "goodness, grace and agape," you're sure to see: Father Kros and Reverend Marsh. 
RIP Father Kros and Reverend Marsh. May you have heavenly influence over us, and teach us the difference between "right and wrong." 

Agape, to families everywhere, who suffer at the hands of those who do not know, "right from wrong." 


BY MIKE MAY Catholic Voice

Father Donald Kros, an Omaha native whose 57 years in the priesthood included serving in rural and urban parishes and high schools, died Nov. 15. He was 82.
Born in 1933, he attended Ss. Peter and Paul School. Father Kros also studied at Conception Seminary in Conception, Mo., and Catholic University in Washington, D.C.
Ordained in 1959, Father Kros served as assistant pastor of two Omaha parishes – then-Holy Angels Parish from 1959 to 1960, and St. Bernard Parish from 1960 to 1965. He served as chaplain at then-Rummel High School in Omaha from 1965 to 1969.
Father Kros became pastor of St. Bonaventure Parish in Raeville in 1969, serving there until 1977, when he was appointed pastor of St. Andrew Parish in Bloomfield. His last assignment as pastor was of Assumption Parish in Lynch in 1992, where he served until he retired in Lynch in 1998.
Born in Omaha, he attended Ss. Peter and Paul School. Father Kros also studied at Conception Seminary in Conception, Mo., and Catholic University in Washington, D.C.
Father Donald Kros, an Omaha native whose 57 years in the priesthood included service in rural and urban parishes and high schools, died Nov. 15. He was 82.
Memorial Masses will be held Dec. 3 at 10:30 a.m. at St. Andrew Church in Bloomfield and Dec. 4 at 4 p.m. at Ss. Peter and Paul Church in Omaha. Interment will be at Calvary Cemetery in Omaha at a later date.
Father Kros was "extremely comfortable in his own skin and powerfully authentic," said longtime friend Msgr. James Gilg.
"He was also very gracious and hospitable, counseling many people who contacted him for help with emotional and personal crises. He was a lifesaver to many people and loved telling people they were loved by God for who they are."
Ordained in 1959, Father Kros served as assistant pastor at two Omaha parishes – then-Holy Angels Parish from 1959 to 1960, and St. Bernard Parish from 1960 to 1965. He served as chaplain at then-Archbishop Rummel High School in Omaha from 1965 to 1969.
Father Kros became pastor of St. Bonaventure Parish in Raeville in 1969, serving there until 1977, when he became pastor of St. Andrew Parish in Bloomfield.
During his time in Raeville, he also taught and served as guidance counselor and president at Pope John XXIII Central Catholic Junior/Senior High School in nearby Elgin.
"One of his extraordinary talents was connecting with high school kids," Msgr. Gilg said. "He was very effective working with young people."
Father Kros’ last pastorate was at Assumption Parish in Lynch in 1992, where he served until his retirement in Lynch in 1998.
He was preceded in death by parents, William and Mary Kros; brother, William; nephew, Mark. He is survived by sister and brother-in-law, Susan Lorraine and Harry Grace; brothers and sisters-in-law, James, Edward and Yvonne, and Elizabeth; nephews; great-nephews; great-nieces; caretaker, Sandy Sebben.
Photo credit unknown...

Reverend Donald F. Marsh 

Donald F. Marsh, 88, of Lincoln, went to heaven Wednesday, November 13, 2013. Born November 15, 1924 at the family farm near Archer, Neb., the son of Marion and Belle (Mesner) Marsh. Attended Gardner School Dist. 23, graduated Central City High School 1942. Veteran of WWII, served in the Army Medical Corps. Attended Nebraska Wesleyan University, Garrett Seminary and Duke Divinity School. Married life love and partner, Helen Adelia Terry, March 22, 1952. Earned Doctor of Ministry at San Francisco Seminary. Served as United Methodist pastor in Schuyler, Papillion, Hanscom Park (Omaha), Geneva and Faith Westwood (Millard) churches and as Superintendent of the Southeast District.

An accomplished pianist, song leader and composer, Don led workshops and seminars on the role of music in worship. Wrote numerous musicals, songs and cantatas, including "Barbecue for Ben", three volumes of hymn embellishments called "The Gospel Pianist", and Advent song "Waiting, Waiting". Don and Helen are fondly remembered for their musical and pantomime skits as the "Marshmallows".
Don was also a strong advocate for peace and justice issues. He ministered to prisoners with AIDS when others would not. Active in Nebraskans Against the Death Penalty. Moreover, he lived his life by the words he preached; forever compassionate, kind and forgiving. Don was intelligent, well-informed, creative and had a witty, wondrous sense of humor.
Don is survived by his wife of 61 years, Helen; sons, Steve (LaVonne) Marsh, Dave (Mary Hansen) Marsh; grandchildren, Keenan Marsh and Corina Marsh; step-grandson, Tim Emry; brother, Glenn (Donna) Marsh; sisters-in-law, Roberta Marsh, Marilyn Marsh and Georgene Sanders.
Celebration of life Monday, Nov. 18, 2:30 p.m. and visitation Sunday, Nov. 17, 6-8 p.m., at Christ United Methodist Church, 46th & A, Lincoln. Memorials to Christ UMC, UMCOR Philippines Relief or family.
Photo credit unknown...

Tuesday, February 6, 2018


Gangsters & Hooligans Gang Bang American Museum of Natural History is presented by over 200 Science Realists - who "urge the Museum trustees not to cave in to this pressure!"

The American Museum of Natural History has a long and honorable tradition of enlightening the world at large with outstanding scientific exhibits and public lectures.

But now there are agitators waving signs in front of the Museum.

They are vilifying a scientifically-engaged trustee, Rebekah Mercer, who helps make these exhibits possible with generous donations.

Ms. Mercer’s family foundation also supports politicians the agitators despise, and organizations or scientists with views contrary to their belief in human-caused, catastrophic global warming.

The signers of this letter include many scientists, with a deep understanding of climate.

The case for harm from catastrophic global warming is growing weaker as more is learned about the Earth’s climate system, and about the poor predictive power of computer climate models. The Earth has supported abundant life many times in the geological past when there were much higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

It is quite likely that future generations will benefit from the enrichment of Earth’s atmosphere with more carbon dioxide. And there is no doubt that policies advocated by many of the protestors will cause economic harm across the world, especially to those hoping to climb out of poverty.
It is unlikely that Ms. Mercer and all of the signers would vote for the same political candidates.
But all of us urge the Museum trustees not to cave in to this pressure.
Make no mistake, the agitators are not defending science from quackery—quite the contrary!
They demand that the Museum support a party line, thinly disguised as science.


The American Museum of Natural History has a long and honorable tradition of enlightening the world at large with outstanding scientific exhibits and public lectures.
However, on January 25th , 2018, an open letter was submitted to the museum accusing them of being “anti-science” and promoting “climate science misinformation”, and in particular, vilifying a scientifically-engaged trustee of the museum, Rebekah Mercer. 
The lead signatory on the letter was Dr. James Powell, a geochemist who has written extensively about his belief that there is a secretive cabal of vested interests “attacking science” and promoting “misinformation” about climate science for sinister reasons, e.g., his 2011 book, “The inquisition of climate science”. Powell and many of the other signatories have argued that those who disagree with them on any aspect of climate change are “anti-science” and that their opinions should be suppressed. Ironically, this idea of suppressing opposing scientific views is the very antithesis of scientific inquiry. Yet, in this particular case, while the January 25th letter purports to be about an alleged example of “anti-science”, the letter’s vilification of the American Museum of Natural History, and of one of its trustees seems to be purely ideological.
Powell and his co-signatories are complaining about two sentences on the label for a particular exhibit on the fourth floor of the museum. The exhibit which was installed in 1993 summarised the scientific consensus at the time on “what caused the Ice Ages?”: “The causes of the Ice Ages are not fully understood, but we know some factors that led to the first growth of the polar ice sheets.
One was a decline in world temperatures over the previous 30 million years. Another was the formation, about 3 million years ago, of the Isthmus of Panama, which connected North and South America and diverted the oceans’ circulation to a more northward pattern. Since the first northern-hemisphere glaciers formed, 2.6 million years ago, the polar ice caps have expanded and contracted in response to variations in the Earth’s orbit around the Sun, causing cold spells alternating with warmer periods, like the one we live in now.
There is no reason to believe that another Ice Age won’t come. In the past, warm cycles lasted about 10,000 years, and it’s been that long since last cool period. Human-made pollutants may also have an effect on the Earth’s climatic cycles.”
On January 6th , a visitor to the museum, Dr. Jonah Busch, objected on Twitter to the last paragraph and claimed that the museum was “promoting misinformation on climate change”. In particular, he objected to the use of the word “may” in the sentence “Human-made pollutants may also have an effect on the Earth’s climatic cycles” because the IPCC’s 5th Assessment Report (2014), concluded (predominantly on the basis of computer model studies) that “Greenhouse gases emissions are extremely likely to have been the dominant cause of observed warming since the mid-20th century”. However, when the exhibit had been installed in 1993, the IPCC was far more equivocal on the causes of recent warming, and in their 1st Assessment Report (1990) had concluded, “The size of the warming over the last century is broadly consistent with the predictions of climate models, but is also of the same magnitude as natural climate variability.”
It is true that, while the label is still correct, the IPCC’s perspective has changed over time. However, when the exhibit had been installed in 1993, the label accurately reflected the IPCC’s perspective. Moreover, once the museum was alerted to the specific content of the label, they quickly responded (January 8th): “Based on data, the content is not wrong – but it is showing its age (nearly 25 years). Were it written today, it would have different context and emphasis, and more recent scientific data, as current exhibitions/more recent halls do. In the more recent Hall of Planet Earth, for example, exhibits point to the rise of atmospheric CO2 due to human activities, and to evidence for increases in pollutants from human activity recorded in ice core layers.” This bears no resemblance to the claims of “anti-science propaganda” or “climate science misinformation” which Powell and his co-signatories are accusing the museum of.
The exhibit in question was just one of many, and although now quite old, accurately reflected the scientific opinions at the time it was installed. And, Powell and his co-signatories agree that the museum’s response was both prompt and reasonable.
More importantly, Rebekah Mercer did not join the museum’s board of trustees until 2013 – 20 years after that 1993 exhibit had been installed.
We appreciate that Powell and many of his cosignatories might have different political views from Rebekah Mercer. But, they are not entitled to use the false claims of “anti-science propaganda” and “climate science misinformation” for their ideological campaigns.
In response to the January 25th letter, we commend the Museum and its trustees for their promotion of science, and their efforts in science education.
The signers of this letter include many scientists and we are definitively “pro-science” and are opposed to “climate science misinformation”.
However, the letter by Powell and his co-signatories is itself anti-science and ideologically-driven. All of us urge the Museum trustees not to cave in to this pressure.

Signers,1 J. Scott Armstrong, Professor, University of Pennsylvania (Lifetime Achievement Award in Climate Science, 2017- Heartland Institute) Dr. Jan L. Breslow, Professor Rockefeller University Member National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine Walter Cunningham, Apollo 7 Astronaut, Colonel USMCR Ret, Physicist, Advisory Board National Renewable Energy Laboratory Freeman Dyson, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Christopher Essex, Permanent Monitoring Panel on Climate, World Federation of Scientists, Professor and Associate Chair, Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario Ivar Giaever, Applied Biophysics, Inc., Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 William Happer, Professor of Physics, Emeritus, Princeton University Richard Lindzen, Professor of Atmospheric Sciences, Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Kary Mullis, Inventor of PCR, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1993 1 The views represented in this letter are those of the individual signatories and not the institutions they are affiliated with. Institutions are listed simply for identification purposes. Sergiu Klainerman, Fellow of National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences and Foreign Member of the French Academy of Sciences Ralph B. Alexander, Ph.D., Former Associate Professor of Physics, Wayne State University Dr. D. Weston Allen, M.B.B.S., FRACGP, Grad Dip Phys Med, Director of Medical Services, Kingscliff Health, New South Wales, author of The Weather Makers Re-examined Jock Allison, PhD, ONZM, New Zealand Michael Asten, Professor of Geophysics (retired), School of Earth Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University, Melbourne Australia Dr. Anthony. F. Bainbridge MA CEng FIET FHEA Dr. Tim Ball, Ph.D Historical Climatology Paul Bamford, B.Ed., Post Grad. Dip. Mathematics Associate Professor William E. Bamford, BE, ME, PhD, FIEAust, CPEng, MAusIMM, Expert in Engineering Geology and Rock Mechanic Richard D. Bardo, PhD., Chemical Physicist, Naval Surface Warfare Center and Los Alamos National Lab. David F. Bartlett, Physics Prof Emeritus, Fellow American Physical Society Colin M Barton BSc, PhD, FInst Eng Aus.(retr’d) Hon.F.RMIT University, Former Principal Research Scientist CSIRO John Bassett, BSc, PhD, CEng, FIET, Company Director Joseph Bastardi. PSU meteorology, 78 Charles G. Battig, M.D. Environment Advisor to the Heartland Institute Dr. Peter J. Baum (Ret), Physicist, Director UCR T-1 Magnetosphere Simulation Laboratory, Member Technical staff General Research Corp Santa Barbara; Lifetime Member American Geophysical Union Barbara M. Bebbington E. Calvin Beisner, Ph.D., Founder and National Spokesman The Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation David J. Benard, PhD Physics, University of Illinois 1972, Co-inventor of the Oxygen-Iodine Chemical Laser & Recipient of the US Air Force Systems Command Award For Technical Achievement Sara Louise Bennett Ph.D. MIT/WHOI Joint Program in Oceanography 1988 International Environment Specialist, Edmonton Alberta, Canada Certified Environmental Professional - Environmental Manager, Canada (CECAB) Stein Storlie Bergsmark, Physicist, MSc, Independent Scientist Edwin X Berry, PhD, Physics, CCM. CEO, Climate Physics, LLC, C B Bigham, PhD, Retired Glen Bishop - MA Natural Sciences Cambridge University and MSc in Management MIT Agust H. Bjarnason. M.Sc. Electrical Engineering, Specialist in Geothermal Power Plants, Partner Verkis Engineering, Former Adjunct Lecturer at the University of Iceland David L. Black, Ph.D., F-ABFT, FAIC Founder, Aegis Sciences Corporation; Founder and CEO, The Phoenix Sciences Group, LLC; Founder and CEO, 2 nd Vote (; Clinical Associate Professor, Immunology, Microbiology, Pathology and Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee David Blackall - BSc (Agric), Dip Ed, MA (Jour), PhD. Science writer, Journalist, Filmmaker Thomas L. Blanton, Ph.D., Geology John Blethen, Ph.D., Physics, Stanford University 1974, retired Harald Bjørn Bodahl, Electrical Technician and Teacher Hein Bodahl, Head Engineer Henning Bodahl, Electronic Engineer and Farmer Dr. Sonja A. Boehmer-Christiansen, Reader Emeritus, Department of Geography, Hull University David Boleneus, BS MS Geology, MBA, President Hydro Imaging Inc., Retired, Operating the Family Farm. My Wheat Thrives on the Carbon Dioxide Dr. Henning Bongers, Physicist, Independent Scientist/Technical Consultant W.R. Bozeman, Masters, Medical Science (MMSc) Dennis Boothby B.V.Sc., Q.D.A.H, Cattle Veterinary Surgeon [retired] Dr. Howard Thomas Brady, Member of the Explorers Club New York Member of the Australian Academy of Forensic Sciences Ethan Brand, PE; MS Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute; BA Physics, Michigan State University Dr. Phillip A W Bratby, BSc, PhD, retired physicist Alastair Brickell, BSc; MAIG, MGSNZ, MRASC, MRASNZ, Professional Geologist and Astronomy Educator William M. Briggs, PhD, Statistician to the Stars, Author of Uncertainty: The Soul of Modeling, Probability & Statistics Michael Bromley Ph.D. Sedimentologist and Structural Geologist, Calgary, Alberta, Canada and As Sulaymaniyah, Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq Keith Brooke-Sumner (BSc Chem Eng UCT) Robert Brooks, ASTC, FAusIMM, CPMin, MIEAust, CPEng (ret) NM. Mining Engineer Cooper St Waggrakine, Geraldton WA 6530 Australia David P. Brown, PhD (Environmental Engineering), Fulbright Fellow (Atmospheric Physics), Founder and CEO of StreamWise ( Mike Bulea, a Self-Employed Electrician H. Sterling Burnett, Ph.D. (Senior Fellow, The Heartland Institute for identification purposes only) David A. Burton, BS Systems Science, MA Computer Sciences IPCC AR5 WGI Expert Reviewer, webmaster Eamon Butler, a Non-scientist, with a Passion to Promote the Honesty and Integrity of the Sciences C. John Butler, FRAS, FRMetS, PhD, Emeritus Research Fellow, Armagh Observatory Roger Caiazza, B.S. Meteorology SUNY Oneonta, M.S. Meteorology University of Alberta, CCM Emeritus, and Pragmatic Environmentalist ( Tony Carey, BA Natural Sciences, Clare College Cambridge, BA Psychology, Trinity College, Dublin Dr. Robert J. Cargill, Queensland, Australia Alan Carlin, BS, Physics, Caltech; PhD, Economics, MIT; Senior Analyst and manager, USEPA (retired); author of Environmentalism Gone Mad Ted Carmichael, PhD, University of North Carolina at Charlotte Anne Carter, MA Arts, AGW Realist Chris Carter, Structural Engineer BE (civil), Melbourne, Australia 38 years of experience and counting Carmen Anthony Catanese, PhD (physics) Yale University, 1970; Executive Vice President, The Sarnoff Corporation (retired) Peter Champness MB, BS BMed Sci, M Med, FRACR Andrew Chantrill, B.Sc. Kenneth W. Chilton, PhD Senior Fellow, Center for Study of Economics and the Environment, John Hammond Institute, Lindenwood University, Former Founding Director, Institute for Study of Economics and the Environment, Lindenwood University, Former Director of the Center for Study of American Business at Washington University Robert Cihak, MD Ian D. Clark, PhD, Professor (isotope hydrogeology and paleoclimatology), Dept. of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Frederick Colbourne, MA (Geography), MSc. (Earth Science), International Development Consultant Dr. Imelda Connolly, Independent scientist, A.M.I. Mont. Dip., Sp. Ed. Dip., A. Mus. VCM, Adv. Dip. Ed. (Special Needs in Education), Adv. Dip. Ed. (Child Development), M.A. (Education), M.A. (Ethnomusicology), Ph.D. (Computer Mediated Communication) Dr. Michael Connolly, Independent scientist, B.Sc., M.Sc., H.D.E., D.E.E., Ph.D. Dr. Ronan Connolly, Independent scientist, B.Sc., Ph.D Russell Cook, blogger,; Scientifically-engaged common citizen with specific climate science expertise no greater than other scientifically-engaged people such as actor Leo DiCaprio, billionaire eco-activist Tom Steyer, ex-politician Al Gore, and current / former Chairmen of the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Beth Cooper. B. Arts Hons Melbourne University R.H.V. Corley, D.Phil., Agricultural scientist Tom L. Cox, BSME James B. Crews, BSc Geology, 35 years in Petroleum Mining, Leading Corporate Technology Innovator, produced 87 U.S. Patents Susan Crockford, PhD, Zoology/Evolutionary Biology Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C. Canada Kate Croston, CENG MIET; Avionic Systems Engineer, Northrop Grumman IDS, Brisbane Mr. Augustus Cunningham, MSc in Aerospace Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology Joseph S. D'Aleo, BS, MS Meteorology, ABD Air Resources; Certified Consulting Meteorologist, AMS Fellow, Chair of the AMS Committee on Weather Analysis and Forecasting Donn Dears, BS Engineering, Senior Executive GE Company (Retired) Wayne Delbeke, P.Eng., BApSc, Water Resources and Pollution discipline, University of British Columbia, 1972 James Delton, P.E.; Registered Professional Engineer in AZ and CA; Private Pilot; BSE Arizona State University Mary Delton PhD, chemistry, UCLA 1970, retired Dr. Geoff Derrick BSc PhD (Qld), Brisbane, Australia Geert F de Vries - Pr Sci Nat, M NucI (London), M SFEN (Paris), EmM SAInstPhys, M EPS, M DPG, MSc (Physics), MBL (Unisa) Prof. David Dilley, Senior Scientist (meteorologist/clmatologist), Global Weather Oscillations Inc. (GWO) Harold H Doiron, PhD; Retired VP Engineering, InDyne, Inc.; Consultant to NASA and Commercial Launch Vehicle Companies; Chairman, The Right Climate Stuff Research Team James W Doogue; Writer - Economics and Finance, Science, Politics and Philanthropy; CFP, Life Member FPA, MEcon, BBus (Econ & Fin), Dip FP Neal M. Dorst, Research Meteorologist, BSc Meteorology Aert Driessen, BSc (1960), BEc (1980), Grad. Dip. Information Systems (1990), FAIG. Geologist Paul Driessen, Senior policy analyst, Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow and Congress of Racial Equality John Droz, jr, Physicist, Founder Alliance for Wise Energy Decisions (AWED) Duffy, Geoffrey G. DEng., PhD, FRSNZ Professor Emeritus, University of Auckland, New Zealand Terence Dunleavy MBE, JP, Honorary Secretary, New Zealand Climate Science Coalition, Founding Chairman, International Climate Science Coalition John Dale Dunn, MD, JD Emergency Medicine/Peer Review Lecturer Civilian Emergency Department Faculty, Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center, Brownwood, Texas Stephen DuVal, BSC (Honors Math), MBA, Dir. of Corporate Strategy Ameritech (ret) Ole Henrik Ellestad, previous Research Director SINTEF, Professor physical chemistry, University of Oslo, Division Director for Science, Research Council of Norway Robert W. Endlich, Lt Col, USAF, (Ret.) Advanced Weather Officer. BA, Geology, Rutgers University, MS, Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, Chi Epsilon Pi, Meteorology Honor Society James E Enstrom, PhD, MPH; Research Professor / Researcher (retired), University of California, Los Angeles; President, Scientific Integrity Institute, Los Angeles Dr. David Evans, Independent Scientist, BSc, BE (EE), MA (app. math), MSc (EE), MSc (stat), PhD (EE, Stanford University) Bruce M. Everett, PhD Adjunct Associate Professor of International Business. The Fletcher School, Tufts University FAGAN, Matthew J, PhD, B.Sc(Hons) Nuclear Physics; Founder and president of FastCAM Inc. 22 US patents Dr. Kevin S. Fine, PhD Physics, Technology Consulting and Innovation Professor Tim Florin, Medicine, Brisbane Australia Viv Forbes BScApp, MAusIMM, FSIA Australia Geologist, investment analyst, student of climate cycles and history. Founder of the Carbon Sense Coalition, Author of: “Our Sacred Land”, “Will it Make a Quid” and many articles on politics, economics, carbon, climate and energy. Winner of the Adam Smith Award (Australia) and Author of Freedom (Germany). Joseph Fournier, Ph.D., Physical Chemistry, private sector energy and environment R&D Specialist, Alberta, Canada Dr. Jeffrey E. Foss, Professor Emeritus, University of Victoria Dr. Martin P. Fricke Fellow of American Physical Society, Former member of APS Panel on Public Affairs Peter D. Friedman, PhD, PE, Chair Department of Mechanical Engineering (Retired – University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth) Eigil Friis-Christensen, Former Director, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark Marek Frodis, BSc Math. System Analyst (retired) Dr. George Gamota, Fellow American Physical Society; Fellow AAAS; Foreign Member of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; founding Director for Research, Department of Defense; former Director MITRE Institute; and former Professor of Physics University of Michigan Carolyn Gannon, MSEE, former Oracle Corp. Vice-President Terry Gannon, PhD, Retired Semiconductor Executive, Climate Activist, Climate Illuminated Robin George, BSc with 1st class honours PhD in Geology, University of Adelaide Ulrich Gerlach. Professor, Mathematical Astrophysicist, Department of Mathematics, Ohio State University Columbus Ohio G.P. Gillman D.Sc., Ph.D., Retired Soil Scientist Albrecht Glatzle, PhD (Uni Hohenheim, Germany), retired Director of Research INTTAS, Paraguay Laurence I. Gould, Professor of Physics, University of Hartford Past Chair of the New England Section of the American Physical Society Robert A. Gorkin, PhD (Biology), MD, JD Robert M. Gray - M.A. Teacher-San Diego Unified School District Kesten C. Green, PhD, University of South Australia Solomon Green MA, actuary Gerald D. Griffin. B.Sc., Aero Engr., Former Director, NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center G. L. Guenther, BS, MS (ChemEng, USC), Retired Engineer William K. Halligan, M.D. (Retired General Surgeon) Paul F. Hamblin, PhD, Research Scientist, Environment Canada (ret.) Andrew C B Hamilton MSc AMIChemE MInstR David Hamilton Dip Tech (BCIT), MSc (Univ. of London) DIC (Imperial College), Retired Mining Engineer Lucy Hancock, Consultant, World Bank A.B., Harvard University, Astronomy and Astrophysics Ph.D. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Physics and Astronomy Jens Morten Hansen, PhD Former Vice-Director/ Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Adjunct Professor of Natural Philosophy/ Copenhagen University Former Director General of the National Danish Research Councils Kip Hansen, Science Journalist – Freelance Dr John Happs (D,Phil. ; M.Sc. (Hons.), Retired academic (Geosciences) Hermann Harde, Professor of Physics and Materials Science, retired, Helmut-Schmidt University, Hamburg, Germany Colin Harivel, B.Sc., P.Geo., Geologist Tom Harris, B. Eng., M. Eng. (Mech., thermofluids), Executive Director, International Climate Science Coalition, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. From 2009 to 2011 (four sessions), Mr. Harris taught a total of 1,500 students "Climate Change: an Earth Sciences Perspective", a second year course in the Faculty of Sciences at Carleton University in Ottawa Steven Hatfill, MD (MBChB) Biodiversity Scientist and Virologist Adjunct Assistant Professor, George Washington University Howard Cork Hayden, PhD Professor (Emeritus) of Physics, UConn Dennis B. Hayes, Fellow APS Research Physicist: Sandia, Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories President, Lockheed Martin Nevada Technologies (retired) Dr. Beth Haynes, MD Dr. David L. Heald, Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, taught solid state physics as a professor, and had been active in the semiconductor field, display technology, X-Ray image sensors, magnetics, solid state lasers for fiber optics applications, Nanotechnology, and in Micro-Electromagnetic Mechanical Systems Richard G Hendl, PhD, Chief Scientist (Geophysics) Emeritus, Air Force Research Laboratory Victor Manuel Velasco Herrera, PhD, Theoretical Physicist and Aerospace Engineer at the Institute of Geophysics of the National Autonomous University of Mexico Jim Hollingsworth, author of The Myth of Global Warming and the review of Dr. Jim Hansen's book: Storms of my Grandchildren Roy W. Hogue, Retired Principle Software Engineer with BS and MS in Computer Science William Hough, American Citizen and Taxpayer Dr. Martin Hovland, Professor emeritus, University of Bergen Centre for Geobiology; Lecturer at University of Tromsø, Norway. MSc in Meteorology and PhD in Marine Geology (University of Tromsø) Lowell A. Howard, B.S. Chemistry, 1968, University of Wisconsin, Madison Douglas Hoyt, Retired, Physicist Ole Humlum, Professor of Physical Geography, Emeritus, University of Oslo, Norway Eric A. Huxter MA, MSc, PhD, FRGS Craig D. Idso, Ph.D., Chairman, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change Terri Jackson Bsc (hons) MSc; Independent Physicist; Original Founder Energy and Climate Group Institute of Physics, London Albert F. Jacobs, Geol. Drs., P. Geol., Co-founder Friends of Science Society Antero Järvinen, Professor, Director of Kilpisjärvi Biological Station, University of Helsinki Hans Jelbring PhD, climatologist, thesis: Wind Controlled Climate, Stockholm University, 1998 Neil M. Jordan, P.E., D.WRE, Civil Engineer, CA, OR, AZ Jon P. Kahler, Las Cruces, NM, Meteorologist (retired), MS Marine Science (Meteorology), North Carolina State University (1975), I spent most of my career supporting research and development with 24 years in the Air Force and 20 years working for contractors supporting the US Army Atmospheric Sciences Laboratory and other Army Labs Thomas Kaijser, Professor (Emeritus) Applied Mathematics, Linkoping University Klaus L.E. Kaiser, PhD, FCIC, Research Scientist, Environment Canada (ret.), and author of Convenient Myths Norm Kalmanovitch P. Geoph. Independent Geophysical Consultant, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Alexander Kaplan, Professor Emeritus, Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, Johns Hopkins University Max Born Awardee of Optical Society of America; von Humboldt Awardee for senior USA scientists, Germany Invited Professor, Weizmann Institute, Israel Wibjörn Karlén, Professor Emeritus, Physical Geography John A. Kasch, M.D. John E. Kaufmann, PhD (1973, Crop & Soil Sciences, Michigan State University) Agricultural Scientist at: Faculty Cornell University 73-76, Michigan State 76-81, Monsanto Company 81-02, Agrium Company 03-06 Brett Keane (Bachelor in Production Horticulture; Diploma in Rural Studies; Massey University New Zealand 2006) Dr. Richard A. Keen, Emeritus Instructor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, PhD, Geography/Climatology, University of Colorado Shawn Kelly, Citizen and TaxPayer Interested in Uncorrupted Science William Alexander Kelly, Senior Nuclear Analyst (retired), Ontario Power Generation Hugh Kendrick, PhD, Fellow American Physical Society Professor Gavin N.C. Kenny, BSc (Hons), MB ChB, MD, FRCA, FANZCA Professor Emeritus Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University of Glasgow Madhav L. Khandekar, MS, PhD Meteorology, Environment Canada (retired) Roger Kimball, Editor & Publisher The New Criterion William Kininmonth M.Sc., M.Admin, Retired Australian government meteorologist, former WMO consultant; member of national delegations to international climate negotiations and conferences. Jerry Kirkpatrick, Professor Emeritus of International Business and Marketing, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona Punyamurtula Kishore, MD MPH, Public Health Scientist, President and Founder of National Library of Health and Healing Jo M Knatz MD Colin V Knipe, BSc CEng CGeol MIMMM FGS, Past Chairman, Institution of Geologists, UK Robert S. Knox, Professor of Physics Emeritus, University of Rochester Alexander T. Kowalski, Business Systems Architect (ret.) Dr. rer. nat. Gerhard Kramm, Research Associate Professor of Meteorology (ret.), Fairbanks, Alaska, USA Joseph Kunc, Professor, University of Southern California, Fellow American Physical Society John S. Kundrat, M.D., F.A.C.S. Dale Lancaster, PhD, PE, Leonard J. Lane, PhD in Hydrology and Water Resources, MS in Systems and Industrial Engineering, BS in Engineering Mathematics. Retired. Former Director of USDA-ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center, Former Consulting Engineer, Retired M.J.Lavigne, Geologist, P.Geo., M.Sc. Dr. Douglas M. Leahey; Publications: Atmospheric Turbulence/Diffusion Plumes Dr. John Ledger PhD, Energy and Environmental Consultant, Visiting Associate Professor, University of the Witwatersrand Dr. Alfred E. Ledner M.B.,Ch.B. Physician. Clinical Senior Lecturer, Graduate Medicine University of Wollongong, Australia David R. Legates, PhD, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware Lubert Leger, PhD, University of Houston, Retired NASA Jay Lehr, Ph.D. Science Director, The Heartland Institute, author, co-author and editor of 36 books on the environment published by McGraw-Hill and John Wiley & Sons J.M. Leimkuhler, MSc Engineering, University of Wyoming Jonathan A. Lesser, PhD, President, Continental Economics Bryan Leyland MSc, DistFEngNZ, FIMechE, FIEE(rtd) MRSNZ. Renewable Energy Expert Michael Limburg Dipl. Ing. VP EIKE (European Institute for Climate and Energy) Germany, Policy Adviser, Author of Books and Papers about Climate Issues Helen Lindqvist, B.Sc Biology, AGW Sceptic and Realist William Lindqvist, Ph.D Geology, Student of Climate Change Science and Fraud George Lloyd, MBA, BSc (Eng). Engineer, Businessman and Company Director Professor Philip Lloyd, Energy Institute, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town; Adjunct Professor, China Agricultural University, Beijing; Hon.Fellow, SA Academy of Engineers; Reviewer, IPCC Horst-Joachim Lüdecke, Professor of Physics, University of Applied Sciences, Saarbrücken, Germany; EIKE (European Institute for Climate and Energy), Jena, Germany William T. Lynch, PhD; Fellow, IEEE; Retired Department Head from BTL Farrel Lytle, Principal Research Scientist, The Boeing Company (retired) American Physical Society Fellow and American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow Allan M.R. MacRae, B.A.SC.(Eng.), M.Eng. P.Eng., Retired Energy Executive Paul MacRae, MA English, Author of False Alarm: Global Warming Facts Versus Fear Martin J. Mangino, PhD., Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University President, Virginia Scientists and Engineers for Energy and Environment (VA-SEEE), Richmond Chapter Francis Tucker Manns, PhD, PGeo (Ontario), Toronto, Canada Ronald C. Marks, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry, North Greenville University, Tigerville, SC Professor Shigenori Maruyama, Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Techonology Henri A. Masson, Prof (emer.) Dr.Ir. (Ph.D.) University of Antwerp (Belgium) Speciality: Applied thermodynamics, Heat & Mass Transfer, Data Mining, Non-linear Time Series Analysis & Advanced Research Methods Andy May, Petrophysicist, BS Geology, University of Kansas Gene McCall, Retired Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Chairman emeritus U. S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Thomas A. McClelland, Ph.D., Vice President, Advanced Development, Frequency Electronics, Inc. Bernie McCune, BSc in Biology and ASc in Electronic Engineering from NMSU John McLean (PhD), Melbourne, Australia, Visitor to the Museum John A. Michna, BSc Biological Sciences, UI-Chicago ‘74; former ASTM Technical Committee Chair F.03, former ASTM F.03.40 Chemical Test Methods Subcommittee Chair George Mihailides, Bachelor of Applied Science, Mathematics & Computer Science Donald W. Miller, Jr., M.D., Professor Emeritus and former Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Tracy C. Miller, PhD, Economics Steve Milloy, MHS, JD, LLM, Publisher, Forrest M. Mims III, Rolex Award for developing a handheld instrument to accurately measure the ozone layer and near daily observations since 1990 of total ozone, total water vapor (the leading greenhouse gas), optical thickness of the atmosphere and UV-B. Expert reviewer for IPCC’s AR-5. Named by Discover Magazine one of the “Fifty Best Brains in Science.” Dr Don Mingay, Physicist, Nuclear/ Solid State Research and Technology Management. South African based at Wits University and A.E.C.. International at Cal. Tech, Yale, Bell Labs, UKAEA and IAEA. Recent fifteen year retirement deep focus on both Energy and Climate Change current challenges of both understanding and decision making. Publications in Nuclear, Solid State, and Technology disciplines Dennis M. Mitchell, CPA, QEP H. Lee Mitchell, Hydrogeologist (ret., SC Dept. of Natural Resources); Registered Professional Geologist in South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia; Member, Carolina Geological Society Christopher Monroe Distinguished University Professor, Department of Physics, University of Maryland Fellow, Joint Quantum Institute and Center for Quantum Information and Computer Science Member, National Academy of Sciences Mr Des Moore has an LSE honours degree and worked for 28 years in the Australian federal Treasury. From thinktanks (including his own), he has published and spoken widely since 1987. He has disputed analyses by the Club of Rome and IPCC and advocated a much smaller role for governments. His views on global warming are widely recognized Patrick Moore, PhD Ecology, co-founder of Greenpeace, Honorary Doctor of Science, North Carolina State University, National Award for Nuclear Science and History, Einstein Society Nils-Axel Mörner, PhD, professor, Paleogeophysics & Geodynamics, Stockholm, Sweden Dr. John L. Nicol (PhD JCU Australia 1975) (Spectroscopist, laser physicist, spectral line broadening analysis) Senior Lecturer James Cook University of North Queensland Australia; Four years experience in The Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford UK; Three years Dean of Science at James Cook University Paul Nixon, Retired High-Tech Executive Ingemar Nordin, Professor emeritus, Philosophy of Science, Linköping University, Sweden Jo Nova, BSc Hons University of Western Australia. Molecular Biology Jim O’Brien, CSR Consulting, Dublin, Ireland, BE, MEngSc, FIAE, FIEI, FIET, Life SenMemIEEE Brian L. O’Connor, Ph.D.; Professor Emeritus, Dept. Anatomy and Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine Terry Oldberg, M.S.E., M.S.E.E., P.E., Policy Researcher Cliff Ollier, D.Sc. Emeritus Professor, Geologist with 60 years experience of studying aspects of palaeoclimate and sea level Antero Ollila, Dr.Tech., Adjunct Associate Professor Emeritus, Aalto University, Finland Dr. Jane Orient, MD President, Doctors for Disaster Preparedness; Executive Director, Association of American Physicians and Surgeons; Managing Editor, Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Lydia Ortega, Professor of Economics, San Jose State University Dr. Norman Page, PhD. Geology Garth W. Paltridge DSc FAA, Atmospheric Physicist, Emeritus Professor at the University of Tasmania, and Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University Trueman D. Parish (PhD Chemical Engineering); Retired Director of Engineering Research of Eastman Chemical Company Dr. Albert Parker, Msc, PhD, Independent Scientist, Engineer R. Timothy Patterson, PhD, Professor, Dept. of Earth Sciences (paleoclimatology), Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Mikko Paunio, MD MHS Adjunct Professor of General Epidemiology at the University of Helsinki Dennis P Pearson, BSc MSc CEng MIET Peter K. Pearson, PhD, Chemistry Charles A Perry, PhD, Physics and Astronomy, Hydroclimatology, US Geological Survey Emeritus Donald P Perry, MS, Biological Sciences, Retired Science Teacher Gerald Pollack, Professor of Bioengineering, University of Washington, and Executive Director, Institute for Venture Science Douglas Pollock, Civil Industrial Engineer, Universidad de Chile, Student of Science and Economics of Climate Change, Santiago, Chile George Pontis, Consulting Engineer, Z9 Engineering Richard S Post, PhD. Fellow American Physical Society; CEO NEXX System, Inc. Retired Joseph Postma, MSc Astrophysics, UVIT Space Telescope Patrick Powers MSc, BSc, (Dunelm), Electrical Engineer and Physicist Brian Pratt PhD, Professor, University of Saskatchewan, Fellow of the Geological Society of America, Past-President of the Geological Association of Canada, Stratigrapher, Sedimentologist, Paleontologist Robert.H.L.Richards MA Honours Natural Science (Geology) University of Oxford Philip Richens, PhD Physics Professor Peter Ridd, Marine Geophysical Laboratory, James Cook University, Australia W.C. Rusty Riese, PhD, Retired Geologist and Educator John P Riganati, Ph.D.; Co-President, New Jersey Technology Solutions Center Stanley L. Robertson, Ph.D., P.E, Prof. Physics Emeritus, Southwestern Oklahoma State University Arthur B. Robinson, PhD, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine Dr. Chad Rodekohr, Associate Professor of Physics, Presbyterian College Charles T. Rombough, PhD Rule, Donald W., Ph. D., Physics, University of Connecticut, retired Research Physicist, 37 years with the Department of the Navy, member of Phi Beta Kappa, the American Physical Society, and the Philosophical Society of Washington Fred Rumak, P. Geologist, CO2 Coalition Canada, Alberta Canada James H. Rust, PhD, Professor of Nuclear Engineering (ret. Georgia Institute of Technology) Fintan Ryan - ME, C Eng, MIEI, Eur Ing, FRAeS. Senior Airline Captain retired - have dealt with weather and climate every day in my profession Dr. Judy Ryan, Member: World Wide Web of Independent Scientists Murry Salby, Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Colorado (ret) Peter Salonius MSc, Retired Research Scientist, Natural Resources Canada, Soil Microbiology Richard L Sauer, PE, MSEE; NASA SC Environmental Systems Engineer (Ret); Col, USArmy, Medical Svc Corps (Ret) John Scarry, Master of Engineering (Civil), Member, New Zealand Climate Science Coalition Chris Schoneveld, Ph.D., Geology, Leiden University, Netherlands. 1979. Retired John A. Shanahan, Dr. Ing., President, Environmentalists for Nuclear – USA Dr. Thomas P Sheahen, PhD (physics) , M.I.T., Director , Science & Environmental Policy Project Dr. Fred Sigernes, Prof. Physics – Optics and atmospheric research; Head of the Kjell Henriksen Observatory (KHO); Leader of Ground-based Instrumentation Group -The Birkeland Centre for Space Science (BCSS) William H. Snyer, retired Senior Engineer Professor Jan-Erik Solheim, Physics, Emeritus, University of Tromsø, Norway Willie Soon, PhD, Astrophysicist and Geoscientist, Salem MA, USA (Recipient of the 2017 Frederick Seitz Memorial Award from the Science and Environmental Policy Project) Roberto Soria, Professor of Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences David South, Emeritus Professor, Forestry and Wildlife Science, Auburn University William P. Sparling MA-War Studies (Royal Military College of Canada), MA-Disaster and Emergency Management (Royal Roads University), Applied Science Technologist (ASTTBC) Edwin W. Spiers, PhD., Retired Physicist Dr. Meinhard Stalder, Physicist Walter Starck PhD, Marine Science 1964 Peter Stilbs, Professor emeritus of Physical Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden (FRSC, member APS, SKR) Szymon Suckewer, Professor Emeritus and Senior Scholar, School of Eng. and Appl. Science, Princeton University Dr. Mitch Taylor, Polar Bear Biologist, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada David J. Theroux, Founder and President, Independent Institute; Publisher, The Independent Review Frank J. Tipler, Professor of Mathematical Physics, Tulane University Richard Toland, PhD, PE Alan D Tomlin, PhD (Entomology & Biochemistry, Rutgers), Research Scientist & Director of Pest Management Centre, Agriculture Canada (retired) Ralf D. Tscheuschner, Dipl.-Phys., Dr.rer.nat. Prof. Dr. Fritz Vahrenholt , Professor (retired) at the Chemical Department , University of Hamburg, Chairman of the German Wildlife Foundation, Hamburg G Cornelis van Kooten, Canada Research Chair in Environmental Studies and Climate, University of Victoria Dr Gerrit J. van der Lingen (New Zealand), Geologist & Paleoclimatologist, PhD (Utrecht) Author of the book The Fable of a Stable Climate Harry van Loon, Climatologist, formerly of NCAR Michael Vickers, Emeritus Professor of Archaeology, University of Oxford Lance A. Wallace, Ph.D. in Astrophysics, City University of New York. 27 years at EPA, Office of Research and Development (retired) David Walrod, PhD, Physics MIT William B Walters, Guggenheim Fellow, von Humboldt Fellow, Professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 James Wanliss, Professor of Physics, Presbyterian College Dr. Fred Ward, Former T.V. Meteorologist, Researcher and Commentator on Climate Change for Half a Century Anthony Watts Former TV meteorologist, publisher of the most visited climate related website in the world, Carl-Otto Weiss, Professor of Physics, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany Ruairi Weldon, Writer of 600+ skeptical climate related limericks and hundreds of other anti-alarmist lines of poetry on the Jo Nova blog Catherine G White, S.B., 1980, Department of Earth, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lawrence A Wilson; Retiree; former CEO Bowater-Scott Australia; Academics - Diplomas Applied Chemistry & Chemical Engineering (Swinburne Inst. Tech. 1959/61; Bachelor of Commerce (University of Melbourne 1969); Citizen Scientist - intensive study of Science & Politics of ‘Climate Change’ for over 25 years, including over 2500 formal Papers and Books JWR Whitfield, Fraser Technology Charles A. Wilson, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry, North Greenville University, Tigerville, SC Professor Thomas Wolfram, Ph.D in Physics from U of Calif. Riverside Fellow of APS and former Chairman of the Dept of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. Missouri, Coumbia Author of Several Condensed Matter Physics Books T.B. Wolters, MSc; Climate Researcher and Chairman, Environment, Science and Policy Foundation Thomas Wysmuller, Chair Oceanographic Section, 2016 World Congress on Oceans, Qingdao China Founding member NASA TRCS Climate Group, Houston TX Wyss Yim DSc, PhD, Earth Systems Scientist, Professor, Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Deputy Chairman, Climate Change Science Implementation Team, UNESCO’s International Year of Planet Earth 2007-2009 S. Stanley Young, Ph.D., FASA, FAAAS, Statistician Benjamin Zycher, Ph.D., American Enterprise Institute

Monday, January 29, 2018


The following pertains to the Country of Origin Recognition System - aka COORS: A bill that will provide essential information to CONSUMERS!

Dear Colorado Legislator, 


Although we would like to, neither Chuck Sylvester or I will be able to testify January 29, 2018, on the COORS Country of Origin Recognition System. 

Out of deep respect to Consumers, please consider the following as our testimony. 

Some questions were courteously answered by Bill Bullard. We would appreciate the opposers answers.   

1) Do any beef checkoff dollars go towards the promotion of imported beef?  "Importers are required to pay the checkoff by converting imported beef into a live cattle equivalent. The whole checkoff program encourages consumers to eat beef, regardless of where the beef was produced." Bill Bullard 
2) Do we have a beef checkoff "expenditure" breakout? "The available expenditure breakouts do not show any distinction between domestic and import promotion because it is all generic promotion. "So, the checkoff promotes generic beef regardless of its origin." Bill Bullard 
3) Do imported beef pay into the checkoff? ____________
4) Please provide a  breakout of cow-calf producer members versus all others with CCA? NCBA? ______________
5) What's the "guesstimated" cost of placard, to retailers/restaurants? ______________

JBS USA contributed $7.5 million to Colorado State University for the new "JBS Global Food Innovation Center in Honor of Gary & Kay Smith." 

As an alumni of C.S.U., and a student of Dr. Gary Smith, Chuck believes this is an essential addition to C.S.U.

Suggestion: Since opposers to COORS are fretting about possible labeling costs, is it possible they could make aplea to JBS for funding enough to cover those costs?  

As a part of their interest in a global meats community, we feel confident that JBS would be excited about adding to the curriculum: How to Consumer label imported/exported beef, regardless the country. Students would gain a pride in what their country produces. They'd learn about competitive markets, best genetics indigenous to local, trade, food safety, animal welfare, meat science and more. 

Consumers, students, Cow-calf producers, packers, animals, feeders would all win. 

Most important of all, the "Consumer" would win. And isn't that the goal that unites us? 

Please vote YES on the Consumers bill, Coors-RFP-012918-1.

Thank you,

Roni Bell Sylvester 

Weld County (970) 284-6874

P.S. We urge you to consider our suggestions highlighted within the following article. 

Republican Rep. Kimmi Lewis, a cattlewoman from southeastern Colorado, has proposed HB18-1043, the Beef Country of Origin Recognition System, or COORS bill. The bill would amend the Colorado Food and Drug Act to require Colorado retailers to indicate, through a placard on the meat case, the country of origin of beef sold.
Listen In
If you can’t make it to the committee meeting, you can listen to testimony Monday, Jan. 29 by following this link:
A debate that is neither simple nor reticent is, once again, raging between members of different camps (said “camps” are the Cow-calf Producer, Packers and Feeders), within the cattle industry with the discussion centered in Colorado. As the arguments about Country of Origin Labeling in beef come before the Colorado House Agriculture committee in response to HB18-1043, some experts worry the ensuing debate stands to damage the public's perception of the beef industry. Public’s perception is slanted only by industry’s refusal to let them know where their food comes from. The “Consumer” and the “public” are all in one the same. The Consumer doesn’t have time to get educated about the minutiae of the cattle industry. All they want to know is, “Hey! Where’s the beef…come from?”
Republican Rep. Kimmi Lewis, a cattlewoman from southeastern Colorado, has proposed HB18-1043, the Beef Country of Origin Recognition System, or COORS bill. The bill would amend the Colorado Food and Drug Act to require Colorado retailers to indicate, through a placard on the meat case, the country of origin of beef sold.
R-CALF, USA has pledged support of the proposed law in a statement published on social media supporting the right of consumers to choose "USA beef over beef from Argentina, Uruguay, or Mexico" and touting that the bill will protect food safety.
Douglas Cody Jolly, a Hugo, Colo., cattleman and president of the Colorado Independent Cattlegrowers' Association, an affiliate of R-CALF, said there shouldn't be "a beef about labeling beef". 
Agree with Cody Jolly completely. The “industry” should want the Consumer to know where their beef comes from! "We, of course, want our product differentiated in the marketplace," he said. "But this is about our consumers, too. Here in the U.S., we have some of the most stringent rules and regulations on our industry."   Yes. Consumers.
Though Jolly admits the regulations imposed upon the industry can pose challenges to producers, he said it's those regulations that allow the U.S. to offer consumers a safe and wholesome product. Allowing American beef producers to label the products they're proud of, he said, is good for the industry and consumers.
Jolly points out that the COORS bill is a placard requirement and that not all beef itself would be labeled. However, it is unknown exactly how retailers would require proof of the country of origin back through the chain of production without a nationwide system in place.
Lewis said in an earlier news release, the loss of the former national COOL labeling program opened the doors for multinational meat packers "to bring in cheap beef from foreign countries, process it or cut it up and then label it a product of the USA."
Consumers, Jolly said, want to know where their food comes from and beef remains one of the few foods in the refrigerated sections without country of origin labeling.
"They want to know where their food comes from," he said. "Especially as we import from all these different countries, they may not be held to the same standards as us. They may even be using products that are banned in our country." 
And subsequently introducing zoonotics…a problem in foreign countries that the U.S. has managed to stay “free” of for years. The only times the U.S. usually has a zoonotics problem, is via “introduction” by a foreign import.
Jolly said there is an affidavit available through some livestock markets that producers can sign to assert that the animals listed on a bill of sale are of U.S.A. origin, which could be one avenue through which U.S. cattle could be identified without a current verification program to do so. Ultimately, the bill dictates that the Colorado Department of Health and Environment would be required to determine the parameters of and put a verification program in place.
Opponents of the bill maintain that the labeling, among other problems, will cause consumers to question the safety of the beef supply.
"The claim here is that it's a food safety issue," said Terry Fankhauser, executive vice president of the Colorado Cattlemen's Association. "I find it pretty reprehensible that somebody would claim that there is a safety issue in the beef supply chain that's been unfounded, unverified and also further stipulate that a label will fix that." 
COORS isn’t a “fix” to food safety, it is instead, a courtesy to consumers who simply want to know where their food comes from. COORS is a CONSUMER information bill.
Logic, Fankhauser said, dictates that retailers know that foreign beef is as safe as American beef and wouldn't jeopardize public health and trust if it weren't. Given previous conversations Fankhauser has had with urban legislators, he said the opportunity to correct misinformation and supply information straight from producers across the state at the upcoming hearing is an opportune one.
Remember: The Colorado Cattlemen’s, NCBA and Colorado Farm Bureau do not represent Cow-Calf Producers.
Mr. Fankhauser, please offer a “disclaimer” respective of your claim “producers.” Mr. Fankhauser – you or the person opposing COORS should be required to disclose whether or not they’re paid or unpaid…lobbyist…staffer etc.
Representative Lewis, please do the same. For example: “I am your paid representative.” Individuals testifying in support of COORS should also disclose whether or not they’re paid or unpaid… a Consumer….cow-calf producer…etc.”
"That's the type of perception this is driving," he said. "Now we have activists and extremists and anti-agricultural groups working hand in hand to support this legislation. 
Mr. Fankhauser, please identify the exact “activists, extremists and anti-agricultural groups.” Also show proof as to any formally acknowledged affiliations they have with any entity in the Ag industry. They know it's harmful to the industry and anything that's harmful to the industry is good for their cause."
Fankhauser pointed out that the root of the discussion and the motivation behind the bill all stems from good intentions and pride in producers' product, which he calls appropriate and noble, but it has allowed the polarization to become so great that extremist groups are able to draw uncertainty about the product with consumers which hurts the industry. Mr. Fankhauser, please disclose whether you’re talking about Cow-calf Producers, Feedlot, Packer etc., for there are a differences legislators have a right to know. 
Among the other major issues causing cattlemen (discloser please) to oppose the bill is the lack of legality on the federal level, and that it violates the recognition of interstate commerce for beef in addition to unduly burdening producers from other states shipping cattle to Colorado. That being said, Fankhauser said that Wyoming, South Dakota and North Dakota have similar laws. South Dakota, he said, has had a law on the books since the 1970s mandating the labeling of all imported beef.
"Not one label has been applied," he said. "Not one regulatory enforcement action has ever been put in place."
The reasoning behind the lack of enforcement, Fankhauser said, is that the state recognizes the lack of legality of the law and that executing any enforcement action would open the state to liability against claims from producers.
Fankhauser maintains that the discussion about beef labeling belongs at a national level and that labeling programs have value when instituted voluntarily to add value to the product.
To trace the COORS program backwards from a distributor, like Safeway, for example that has a fabrication facility in Denver that accepts meat from Colorado processors, changes would begin in the meat case and ripple through the production cycle.
"At the fabrication facility, they're going to have to ask everyone upstream that every bit of boxed beef that comes to the door is labeled," he said.
If the meat comes from Cargill, here in Colorado, he said, they will have to put into place segregated groups based on identifying the ones born, raised and processed in the U.S. Cargill, in turn, will turn to its feedyards and only accept those cattle on certain days, complicating the feedyards' ability to ship as cattle become ready and when prices are most favorable. The cattle would also have to be shipped with some sort of verification to their origin. Feedyards will then have to require order buyers to gather verification of origin when cattle are purchased to feed. Ultimately, he said, only cattle that are source verified will be purchased and interstate commerce will be damaged.   
Consumers are no more interested in “the complicated” process of the U.S. cattle industry then they are the “complicated” process of computer making. They just want to know if it works!
The national COOL program was repealed in December of 2015, after the labeling was found to violate some trade standards in place with Canada and Mexico through the World Trade Organization. The program had to either be made compliant, repealed or the risk of lawsuits and trade sanctions would increase non-tariff and tariff barriers put in place, Fankhauser said. Mr. Fankhauser, please provide the “trade standards in place with Canada and Mexico through the WTO. This contradicts USDA’s continual attempts to mandate Cow-calf producers I.D. their cattle to meet geographical indicators for foreign trade. Why would WTO have standards that deny U.S. Consumers information as to where their beef comes from, but mandate it for foreign Consumers?  
Producers representing the beef industry and membership of the Colorado Cattlemen's Association, Colorado Farm Bureau and other agricultural groups will present their testimony to the committee in Denver on Monday, Jan. 29. Please make certain that “Cow-calf Producers” are differentiated from the rest.
Dallas Vaughn, a Kit Carson County cattleman and Colorado Farm Bureau member will be one of the voices heard. Vaughn sent a message rallying opposition to the bill over social media that has drawn criticism from R-CALF.
Vaughn's main concerns with the proposed legislation is that the bill would add only additional cost to beef without added value or safety, ultimately driving beef prices up and demand down. This, paired with the need to import beef to meet demand, Vaughn said necessitates the importation of beef at various points of production.   
This is a puzzling claim by Vaughn, in that there’s a foreign demand for beef “born and raised in the United States.” His claim brings 2 questions: 1) What is the comparative between beef he claims will be “needed” to import, versus the U.S.A. beef we “export?”  2) Because the Cow-calf Producer is a price receiver, who will “drive up beef prices,” retailer, packer? Who?
"We import animals from Mexico and Canada," he said. "They come here and eat our wheat pastures, they eat our corn in our feedlots. Other than being born across the border, they're essentially American cattle that help drive our economy. They're fed to our standards and harvested in our facilities and processed to our standards."   What’s this got to do with simply letting the Consumer know where their beef comes from?
Under some current contractual agreements between feeders and packers, feeders must adhere to withdrawal periods, not feed mammalian derived protein, beta agonists and must disclose cattle of non-U.S. origins. If cattle from non-U.S. origins are “disclosed,” then at what point do they become “non-disclosed?” 
"This type of ill-conceived rhetoric harms the industry in the eyes of the public and its consumers to some degree, irreparably," Fankhauser said. 
❖ Mr. Fankhauser, do you really think disclosing country of origin of food -“ill-conceived rhetoric?” Please share your source of research that backs your claim that letting the consumer know where their food comes from will harm the industry…and consumers irreparably." 
If CCA, CFB, NCBA, retailers and restaurants know where their beef comes from, why withhold that information from their Consumers?